Medicines have benefits and some have risks. Always read the label and use only as directed. If symptoms persist or you have side effects see your health professional. Brands and generics both contain the same active ingredient(s) and are medically equivalent. Some brands are marketed under different names by the same manufacturing country depending on the country of origin.
Arkamin (clonidine) is an adrenergic agonist first available in the 1960s to help lower high blood pressure. It has since expanded its use considerably, used on- and off-label to treat a wide variety of conditions, some of the more common of which include:
With modified dosing, Arkamin can be used in patients as young as 6 years old.
How It Works
Arkamin works, at least in part, by inhibiting the body's production of adrenaline. This action relaxes blood vessels, lowers blood pressure, and reduces strain on the heart. Aside from reducing blood pressure, this action is likely why it is beneficial in reducing migraine frequency.
The medication's reduction of blood pressure and heart strain, possibly among other effects, also helps alleviate many of the physical symptoms of stress and anxiety, such as sweating, pounding heart, trembling voice, and so forth. It is probably for similar, though not precisely the same, reasons that it helps ease tics in Tourette's syndrome, reduces menopause symptoms, and so forth.
For reasons not fully understood Arkamin also has some mental influence; patients find they have improved impulse control, more stable moods, and improved focus and clarity of thought. While it may not be the only---or even the primary---medication administered for psychiatric disorders, it can still help a patient improve or maintain a higher quality of life.
Arkamin is a very potent medication; note that it is measured in micrograms (mcg) instead of the usual milligrams (mg).
Treatment is similar in all cases, though the ultimate dosage and duration of treatment will vary according to individual response. In otherwise healthy adults:
Assuming no serious side effects develop, Arkamin treatment should continue for at least one week before results are evaluated and dosage adjustments made. It may take up to a month for full effects to be seen, though most patients notice some improvements before then.
Potential Side Effects
Like all medications, Arkamin does carry risk of side effects and interactions with other medications. The risk of side effects is greater when other medical conditions are present; of particular concern are:
The above conditions do not necessarily mean Arkamin cannot be used, but risks and warning signs should be discussed carefully with a doctor before starting treatment.
Likewise a number of medications can cause complications if used with Arkamin; double-check with a doctor or pharmacist about safety if taking:
If Arkamin has been used for more than a few weeks treatment should not stop abruptly; there is a risk of cardiovascular complications due to the medication's effect on blood pressure. Dosage should be gradually reduced over several weeks.
Arkamin can cause mild to moderate drowsiness; exercise caution until effects are known.
This product is associated with birth defects and should not be used while pregnant. Patients planning to breastfeed should discuss the issue with a doctor.