(ethinyl estradiol & etonogestrel
is a relatively unique female birth control device belonging to a
group of drugs called 3rd-generation contraceptives. Like
combination birth control pills it contains two hormones, an
estrogen and a progestin, which work together to prevent
Unlike birth control pills, NuvaRing is not ingested. It's a
flexible, transparent ring about 2 inches in diameter, which is
inserted vaginally once a month. Once in the vagina small but
steady amounts of the hormones are released, inhibiting
It is safe to have intercourse, use tampons, swim, and engage in
other normal activities while using NuvaRing.
NuvaRing is as Effective as The Pill:
The mechanism by which NuvaRing works is the same as combined oral
contraceptives, more commonly called birth control pills, or just
the pill. That is, over 99% effective -- fewer than 1 in 100 women
get pregnant if used properly. It also provides the other benefits
many women experience while taking the pill:
- Fewer or less severe acne outbreaks
- Less severe menstrual cramps
- Lighter and more regular periods
- Milder PMS symptoms, including fewer headaches
- Fewer cysts or serious infections of ovaries or uterus
- Less risk of developing osteoporosis
- Reduced risk of non-cancerous breast tumors
Many women find NuvaRing much more convenient than remembering to
take a pill everyday. However, its greatest convenience may also be
its greatest drawback -- other women find it much more difficult to
remember to insert a new ring once a month.
Also like the pill, effects are completely reversible once
NuvaRing is Easy to Use:
Each NuvaRing comes individually wrapped in a foil pouch and is
good for one month of protection. Use is simple and
- Wash and dry hands.
- Remove a NuvaRing from the foil pouch.
- Press the sides of the ring together.
- Insert the ring into the vagina.
- Exact positioning is not important, as long as it feels
- Remove the ring on the same day it was inserted after 3 weeks
- Dispose of it safely. Do not flush NuvaRing.
- Menstrual usually starts 2 or 3 days after removal.
- After 1 week, insert a new ring, even if menstruating.
NuvaRing will not be very effective at preventing pregnancy for the
first 7 days of using the very first ring, or if the ring is
removed for more than 3 consecutive hours during the 3-week cycle.
Other methods of contraception should be utilized during these
If the ring does accidentally come out, there are several
Warnings & Adverse Reactions:
- If it was out for less than 3 hours, rinse the ring in lukewarm
water and reinsert.
- If out for more than three hours or an unknown amount of time,
either start a new ring immediately and finish the 3-week cycle,
- Wait for the next period and start a new 3-week cycle after the
Side effects associated with NuvaRing are virtually identical to
those associated with combine oral contraceptives. Women with
certain health conditions should not use this form of birth
- Have had a heart attack or stroke
- Have a blood clotting disorder or history of blood clots
- Severe high blood pressure
- Certain hormone-responsive cancers
- Kidney, eye, or blood vessel disorders
- Abnormal liver function
- Need for extended bed rest
- Heavy smoker
NuvaRing may cause harm to unborn or nursing babies; it should not
be used by pregnant or breast-feeding mothers.
The most common side effects from using the ring are generally mild
and stop completely as the body adjusts. If reactions are severe or
persist, speak with a doctor:
- Vaginal irritation, infection, or secretions
- Headaches, including migraines
- Weight gain
- Nausea or stomach upset
Most women use NuvaRing with no problems. About 90% of women who
try the ring report they prefer it over other forms of hormonal