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Bactrim (sulfamethoxazole & trimethoprim) combines two antibiotics, enhancing the effectiveness of both and increasing the range of infections which can be treated. The medication is used in patients 2 months old and up, though pediatric patients require adjusted doses.
Bactrim comes in tablets, of which there are two types:
Both types of tablets may be split to create smaller doses, or crushed and mixed into soft foods or a beverage for easier administration. Taking two regular Bactrim tablets provides the same benefit as taking 1 Bactrim DS tablet; choosing one or the other is simply a matter of personal preference.
The medication is also available in a suspension for use in young children.
Bactrim is used to treat a range of common infections, when those infections are caused by susceptible bacteria; the medication is not effective against all types of bacteria. Ideally the infection will be identified by a doctor before initiating treatment. Common uses include:
There are a number of other, less common uses for Bactrim as well.
Dosage & Administration
Dosage, frequency of administration and duration of treatment will vary somewhat according to the particular infection, its severity and other personal factors such as age, weight and so forth. Standard treatments in otherwise healthy adults is as follows:
In otherwise healthy children weighing 40 kg (88 lbs) or less, treatment is almost entirely based on weight:
Bactrim should not be used in infants under 2 months of age.
Some tips to keep in mind to ensure treatment is trouble-free:
Patients with preexisting kidney problems should use Bactrim with caution and speak to a doctor about potential risks before starting treatment.
Effects of the medication on unborn or nursing babies are not clear; the medication should only be used with benefits outweigh potential risks in pregnant or breast-feeding mothers.
The medication may interact with other drugs, reducing effectiveness and/or increasing risk of side effects. Speak with a doctor or pharmacist before mixing treatments.
No current Rx required
Medicines have benefits and some have risks. Always read the label and use only as directed. If symptoms persist or you have side effects see your health professional.