|Ovral G||norgestrel/ethinyl estradiol||Brand||India||0.5mg/0.05mg||28 Tablets||DR||$39.99||Add|
|Ovral G||norgestrel/ethinyl estradiol||Brand||India||0.5mg/0.05mg||84 Tablets||DR||$79.99||Add|
Medicines have benefits and some have risks. Always read the label and use only as directed. If symptoms persist or you have side effects see your health professional. Brands and generics both contain the same active ingredient(s) and are medically equivalent. Some brands are marketed under different names by the same manufacturing country depending on the country of origin.
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Ovral G (norgestrel, ethinyl estradiol) is, in simple terms, a hormonal birth control pill primarily used to prevent pregnancy, though it does see other uses. As a contraceptive it is taken once per day for 21 days, followed by a 7-day break before resuming the next 21-day course.
In more detail, Ovral G is a Combined Oral Contraceptive (COC). Most "birth control pills" are combined oral contraceptives. The combined indicates the medication contains both an estrogen (ethinyl estradiol) and a progestin (norgestrel). In combination the two hormones are very effective at preventing pregnancy.
An estrogen hormone works to:
And progestin works to:
In other words, with respect to preventing pregnancy, Ovral G prevents ovulation. If an egg is released, it is unlikely that sperm will be able to pass through the thickened cervical mucus to fertilize it. If sperm does get past the cervix to fertilize it, the fertilized egg will probably not be able to successfully attach to the uterine wall. All together, if the medication is taken properly, pregnancy is very unlikely.
Using Ovral G as a Contraceptive
The most important aspect of using oral contraceptives to prevent pregnancy is taking it regularly. The medication must be taken every day, at the same time every day, to remain effective.
Pills must be taken for seven consecutive days to provide full contraceptive benefit; during the first seven days other methods of birth control should be utilized. Skipping doses or taking them at irregular times (rather than the same time each day) increases risk of pregnancy. For missed doses:
Ovral G can also be used as an emergency contraceptive, more commonly called a "morning after pill". In this application:
This will inhibit fertilization or, if an egg is already fertilized, prevent the egg from attaching to the uterus. If a fertilized egg has already attached to the uterus Ovral G will not end the pregnancy; it is important to take the first two pills before the 72-hour window has closed. This method may not be as effective as regular, long-term use of an oral contraceptive and it can produce disruptive side effects, such as severe nausea. In other words, it should be reserved for emergency use and not relied on as a regular form of birth control if having frequent intercourse.
Combined oral contraceptives like Ovral G are used in a number of other conditions, such as:
In the above cases treatment is typically similar to use as a contraceptive; it is taken in 21-day cycles followed by 7-day breaks, during which menstruation will occur. Long-term, regular use is needed for full benefit. It may take a month or two of use for full benefits to be seen or felt.
Hormonal contraceptives are also sometimes used in certain cancer treatments; in these cases treatment will need to be individualized.