|Methotrexate||methotrexate||Generic||United Kingdom||2.5mg||100 Tablets||DR||$36.17||Add|
|Methotrexate||methotrexate||Generic||United Kingdom||10mg||100 Tablets||DR||$111.45||Add|
|Methotrexate/Matrex||methotrexate||Brand||United Kingdom||2.5mg||100 Tablets||DR||$47.75||Add|
|Methotrexate/Matrex||methotrexate||Brand||United Kingdom||10mg||100 Tablets||DR||$159.22||Add|
|Trexall/Methotrexate||methotrexate||Generic||United Kingdom||2.5mg||100 Tablets||DR||$36.17||Add|
|Trexall/Methotrexate||methotrexate||Generic||United Kingdom||10mg||100 Tablets||DR||$111.45||Add|
Medicines have benefits and some have risks. Always read the label and use only as directed. If symptoms persist or you have side effects see your health professional. Brands and generics both contain the same active ingredient(s) and are medically equivalent. Some brands are marketed under different names by the same manufacturing country depending on the country of origin.
Methotrexate is an antifolate used in the treatment of cancer, various autoimmune diseases, and other conditions.
Methotrexate is commonly used as an effective chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of cancers such as trophoblastic neoplasms, cancer of the breast, bladder, lung, head, and neck, leukemia, lymphoma, and osteosarcoma.
Another common use of methotrexate in low doses is the treatment of various autoimmune diseases, including, but not limited to:
It has also been used as an abortifacient, usually with misoprostol, to terminate early pregnancies.
Dosage is generally high when used to treat cancer and low to treat other conditions, such as autoimmune diseases, but dose is dependent upon many factors. There are numerous variables and conditions that influence dosage; it is not possible for us to summarize treatment for this medication.
That said, there are some unique functions of methotrexate that are not found among other medications. This one is particularly good at producing good results even with intermittent dosage. It is sometimes an experimental medication; used when other medications are not producing good results.
Methotrexate can also:
A physician should always be contacted for proper evaluation, diagnosis, and dosage instructions. Always follow doctor instructions. In the event of overdose contact a physician or Poison Control Center immediately. Leucovorin is typically administered in the event of overdose to diminish toxicity.
Who Shouldn't take Methotrexate
Methotrexate should not be used by pregnant or nursing mothers, except as directed by a physician informed of their condition.
The medication should be used only with caution in patients with preexisting kidney or liver damage after comprehensive evaluation.
Patients with preexisting malignancy should be properly evaluated and diagnosed to ensure methotrexate is an appropriate therapy for their particular cancer type and progression.
Because methotrexate is typically used to treat only very serious and otherwise resistant diseases, it can be difficult to distinguish which side effects are a result of methotrexate therapy and which are developments of the underlying condition.
The most common side effects are:
Methotrexate has been associated with side effects in the following areas:
Other reactions include, but are not limited to, osteonecrosis, soft tissue necrosis, tumor lysis syndrome, reversible lymphoma, sudden death, loss of libido, diabetes, osteoporosis, vasculitis, arthralgia, myalgia, nodulosis, and tinnitus.
Patients receiving methotrexate therapy have sometimes developed fatal opportunistic infections most commonly associated with pneumocystic carinii pneumonia.
Incidents of allergy to methotrexate have been reported. If symptoms of methotrexate hypersensitivity are presented such as hives, itching, and swelling of the face or throat, contact a physician for immediate treatment.
The above list of potential side effects is not complete. Please consult the insert included with the medication for the most current and comprehensive list available.